Spectrum Plastic Surgery

Helping Patients in Scottsdale and Greater Phoenix, Arizona

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are used to improve the smoothness and texture of the skin. They are used to treat the facial skin in order to get rid of dead skin cells, reducing the appearance of skin issues like uneven pigmentation, acne, and wrinkles.

A chemical peel works by inducing controlled injury to the dead and damaged external skin tissue. This signals the body to slough away the skin cells and reveal a fresh layer of new unblemished skin.

Get Started with a Consultation

Chemical peels are a great option for getting rid of acne, scars, dry skin, wrinkles, and other skin conditions. If you’re interested in learning more about chemical peels, contact the office of our surgeons at (480) 948-8400 and arrange a consultation. We will examine your skin to determine the intensity of the skin condition and then recommend the right peel option for you. You’ll be able to ask any questions you may have and can look at before-and-after photos to judge the results for yourself.


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Strengths of Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are differentiated by the degree to which they penetrate into the skin layers. There are superficial, medium, and deep peels.

Superficial peels are the mildest ones and cause the least amount of peeling. They affect only the layers of skin above the epidermis.

Medium peels are stronger than superficial peels, and the extent of the peeling reaches the epidermis, the superficial layer of skin.

Deep peels are the strongest and reach even the deepest layers of skin. Such peels require a period of downtime and address the harshest skin issues.

Strengths of Chemical Peels
Types of Chemical Peels

Types of Chemical Peels

Chemical peels can be differentiated based on chemical composition.

  • Alpha hydroxy acid peels: These contain carboxylic and glycolic acid and are the mildest form of chemical peels. They are used to treat acne, fine wrinkles, and dry skin.
  • Beta hydroxy acid peels: These mostly contain salicylic acid and have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. They control sebum secretion and thereby address facial acne and spots.
  • Retinoic acid peels: These contain retinoic acid and are stronger than beta hydroxy peels. They penetrate deep into the skin tissues and are used to treat scars, pigmentation issues, and wrinkles.
  • Phenol peels: These are some of the strongest and most effective peels. They achieve intense exfoliation and restore younger skin cells in a very comprehensive manner.

The Peel Application Process

Superficial and medium peels can be applied directly to the skin and then removed. Deep peels require the use of local anesthesia before application, and in rare cases, they can require general anesthesia.

First, a defatting solvent is applied on the area where the peel would be used. The peeling solution is then carefully applied on the treatment area and is left there for a certain period of time as it penetrates the skin layers. Its effects are halted by using a neutralizing agent, after which the peel is removed. Bandages are used to cover the treated area in order to avoid any infection.


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